Where can I find information about unemployment insurance or compensation under the American Rescue Plan Act?

On March 11, 2021, the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (ARPA), H.R. 1319, was enacted into law. The full text of ARPA as enacted is available on Congress.gov (please note that it is a long bill and can take a few minutes to fully load in some browsers). The Law Library of Congress has prepared a series of resource-driven FAQs to assist researchers with questions about ARPA. All FAQs in this series share the topic “ARPA FAQS.”

These FAQs are for reference and informational purposes only and do not constitute legal advice. They are not statements on behalf of the United States Congress and do not represent the official opinion of the United States Government. To understand how ARPA may affect an individual, household, business, or other body, researchers must review the act itself.


ARPA extends certain unemployment insurance (UI) provisions from the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act and the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021.

While UI is a joint federal-state program, applicants must apply for cash benefits through their state.

Under ARPA, the following programs have been extended through September 6, 2021:

  • Federal Pandemic Unemployment Compensation (FPUC) (section 9013), which currently provides for a $300 weekly federal UI supplement for people receiving state UI;
  • Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC) (section 9016), which provides federally-funded UI for individuals who have exhausted other UI benefits and meet other qualifications;
  • Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) (section 9011), which is a temporary UI program for people not eligible for regular UI (e.g., self-employed workers, independent contractors, and gig economy workers);
  • Mixed Earner Unemployment Compensation (MEUC) (section 9013), which provides for $100 in federally-funded supplemental weekly benefits to "mixed earners" (section 261 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021) on top of regular UI benefits (importantly, states must opt into this program and individuals must have received a threshold amount of self-employment income in the most recent taxable year to qualify).

The following government resources have information about applying for unemployment benefits:

For an overview of the UI provisions in ARPA, see

Additional resources may be added to this FAQ when/if sites are updated to reflect ARPA.

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Last Updated: Apr 02, 2021
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