Where do I find the law of the Electoral College?
Constitution & Statutes
- Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 and the Twelfth Amendment of the Constitution provide the framework for the Electoral College process.
- Title 3, Chapter 1 of the US Code pertains to presidential elections and vacancies and provides for a number of details about the Electoral College process, including details on the states' submission of Certificates of Vote and the counting of electoral votes in Congress.
Neither the U.S. Constitution nor federal law prescribes the method of appointing electors. The administration of presidential elections is largely left up to the states. Many states provide state laws related to elections on the website of their election office. Researchers can find links to state and local election offices using the USA.gov tool, Find My State or Local Election Office Website. For further information on state laws related to the administration of elections, researchers can consult these online resources:
- The Electoral College External, National Conference of State Legislatures
- Resources: Election Administration External, National Association of Secretaries of State
Challenges to election results sometimes culminate in litigation, which can in turn result in case law. Contested election lawsuits can take place in both state and federal courts, depending on the issue. Researchers interested in court opinions pertaining to the Electoral College can consult these online resources:
- Case Studies in Emergency Election Litigation, Federal Judicial Center
- Election Litigation Tracker External, SCOTUSBlog
For additional resources and information about the Electoral College, visit the Law Library's research guide, The Law of the Electoral College.
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